DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN THE AGE OF COVID - 19 PANDEMIC
In the months behind us, we have witnessed a global pandemic in the world, which has resulted in the adoption of various measures that limited certain human rights. Among them is the freedom of movement. The effects of the spread of the COVID - 19 virus were felt in various spheres of social life, which changed the way of doing business, education, performing religious services and performing daily activities, redirecting them to the possibilities that the Internet and digital age opened the door to. The consequences were numerous, and after people were given the opportunity to spend more time with their families, an increase in domestic violence was observed. An interesting question is why and in what percentage did the COVID - 19 pandemic affect the increase in domestic violence and has the restriction of human rights and freedoms significantly affected people's mental and physical health and relationships within the family household? In addition to the causes of this phenomenon, it is necessary to learn about ways to overcome it or reduce it in the future by applying appropriate measures, if a similar emergency occurs again.
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LIST OF REGULATIONS AND ACTS
1. Constitution of the Republic of Serbia, "Official Gazette of RS" no. 98/2006.
2. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, UN, 1979 (Official Gazette of the SFRY - International Agreements, No. 11/1981).
3. Convention on the Rights of the Child, UN, 1989 (Official Gazette of the SFRY - International Agreements, No. 15/1990 and Official Gazette of the FRY, No. 4/96 and 2/97).
4. Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence, Istanbul, 11 May 2011.
5. Criminal Code, Official Gazette of RS, no. 85/2005, 88/2005 - corrected, 107/2005, 72/2009, 111/2009, 121/2012, 104/2013, 108/2014, 94/2016 and 35/2019.
6. Decree on emergency measures (Official Gazette of RS, No. 31 / 2020-3 of March 16, 2020.
7. Family Law, Official Gazette of RS, no. 18/05.
8. Law on Protection of the Population from Infectious Diseases (Official Gazette of RS, no. 15/2016 and 68/2020.
9. Law on Prevention of Domestic Violence ("Official Gazette of RS", No. 94/2016).
10. Law on Ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse (Official Gazette of the RS - International Agreements, No. 1/2010).
11. Law on Special Measures for Preventing the Execution of Criminal Offenses against Sexual Freedom against Minors (Official Gazette of the RS, no. 32/2013).
12. Order on Restriction and Prohibition of Movement of Persons on the Territory of the Republic of Serbia (Official Gazette of RS, No. 34/2020, 39/2020, 40/2020, 46/2020 and 50/2020).