• Danijela Petrović University of Pristina, Faculty of Law, Kosovska Mitrovica
Keywords: crime, economic analysis, benefit, probability of punishment, police, judiciary.


The economic approach to crime is based on the assumption of rational choice. The decision of an individual to engage in crime is determined by the ratio of the costs and benefits of engaging in crime, but also the amount of benefits they derive from engaging in legal activities. Individuals decide to commit a crime if the benefits they derive from it is greater than the costs of the criminal act, while the aforementioned benefits can be of a financial, psychological or other nature. The achieved benefit is in the function of the probability of punishment, that is, the bearing of the consequences of a criminal act. Effective crime prevention can be achieved through the reduction of the benefits for the perpetrator of the crime, or by increasing the costs of engaging in crime. The subject of analysis in this paper is the role of the police and the judiciary in increasing the probability of punishment. The analysis also points to the conditionality and interrelation of the punishment threatened and the expected benefit of engaging in crime.



1. Andreoni J., (1991), Reasonable doubt and the optimal magnitude of fines: Should the penalty fit the crime, RAND Journal of Economics, Vol. 22, pp. 385-395;
2. Backer G., (1968), Crime and punishment, An economis approach, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 76, pp. 169-217;
3. Begović B., (2015), Ekonomska analiza generalne prevencije, Pravni fakultet Univerziteta u Beogradu;
4. Беговић Б., Лабус М., Јовановић А., (2008), Економија за правнике, Правни факултет Универзитета у Београду, Београд;
5. Cooter R., Ulen T., (2016), Law and Economics, 6th edition, Addison Wesley Pearson, pp.299, 357;
6. Јовановић А., (2008), Теоријске основе економске анализе права, Београд, Правни факултет Универзитета у Београду, рр. 65;
7. Erling E., (2000), Economics of criminal behavior, Enciclopedia of Law and Economics, Vol. V, The Economics of Crime and Litigation, Chetlenham, Edwarda Elgar, 722 p. ISBN 1 85898988 4;
8. Murray С. А, & Cox, L.A. JR, (1979), Beyyond Probation: Juvenile Corrections and the Chronic Deliquent;
9. Petrović D., Damjanović G., (2019), “Economic Analisys of the Criminal Offence”, International Scientific Conference “Archibald Reiss Days”, University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies, Belgrade, Vol. 2, pp. 231-241;
10. Stringham Е. (2011), Kaldor–Hicks Efficiency and the problem of Central Planning, The Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, Vol. 4, n. 2, рр. 41-50;
11. Швери, Р., (2010), Теория рационального выбора: универсально средство или экономический империализм? Вопросы теории 7, pp. 35-51;
12. Thomsen L. S., (2016), On the Economic Analysis of Costs and Benefits of Crime Prevention, Contributions from the 9th Annual International Forum 2015 within the German Congress on Crime Prevention, pp. 10;
13. Wilson J., & Abrahamse A.,(1992), Does Crime Pay?, 9 JUSTICE Q., pp. 359-367.
Criminalistic and Criminal Justice Aspects in Solving and Proving of Criminal Of