ESTABLISHING FORENSIC EVIDENCE VALUE THROUGH THE BAYESIAN FRAMEWORK AND THE LIKELIHOOD RATIO
Forensic science alludes the utilization of scientific methods in a lawful setting. Recent events have raised worries about applied techniques in forensic evidence analyses, specifically in which ways forensic scientific evidence is interpreted and presented in the court. Reports have recognized issues as the means deficiency in numerous jurisdictions in regards to the amount of evidence requiring processing, insufficient standardization across laboratory facilities and professionals, and inquiries concerning the analysis, understanding and presentation of evidence. Questions have arisen about the main scientific foundation for forensic exam assessments on evidence types. Statistics has appeared as a crucial discipline for assisting the forensic community in addressing these difficulties. The essential standard components of statistical analysis represent study design, data collection and further analysis, statistical interpretation, outlining and reporting final results. This article explores the important role of forensic evidence, the diversity of forensic fields, current achievements and their limitations, and the expected commitments of more thorough statistical methods, particularly Bayesian approaches and the likelihood ratio in the analyses, interpretations, and forensic evidence report.
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