• Vesna Stefanovska Professor
Keywords: crime recording, police practices, police station, crime data


Police crime statistics are starting point for understanding crime rate in one country. They are important not only for the public in order to improve their confidence and perception of the police in controlling and reducing crime, but much more. Police statistics are important to the police themselves to improve their efficiency, to plan their activities in order to detect and clear up crimes. But, according to most research related to this issue, the main problems in crime recording are located in police practices and police discretion in collecting crime data and deciding what to record as a crime.

No detailed scientific research has been conducted in Macedonia on the manner and process of crime recording, as well as on the wider process of generating police statistics. This area should be of interest not only to the scientific community but also to the police services themselves in order to provide objective, confidential and accurate information on the crimes committed. In many national legislations there are national standards and analyzes for police crime recording in order to obtain objective and realistic data essential for further monitoring, detection and processing, both by the criminal justice system and by the police services themselves. There is a need for consistency and uniformity among police officers when recording it, while on the other hand, the establishment and proper application of such standards can increase public confidence in police statistics.

The above mentioned issues are subject of research and elaboration within this article.




• Coleman, C. & Moynthan, J. (2002). The Social Construction of Official Statistics. In: Jewkes, Y & Letherby, G (eds., 96 – 104). Criminology a reader. SAGE Publications.
• Criminal Code, Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia no. 37/96
• Eterno A. John, Verma, A. & Silverman B. Eli (2014). Police Manipulation of Crime Reporting: Insiders’ Revelations. Justice Quarterly. DOI: 10.1080/07418825.2014.980838
• Fildes, A. & Myhill, A. (2011). Understanding crime recording, research, Analysis and Information, NPIA, National Policing Improvement Agency
• Ignjatovik, G. (2012). Kriminologija, Pravni fakultet, Univerziteta u Beograd
• Jupp, V. (1989). Methods of Criminological Research. Routledge.
• Law on misdemeanours against public order and peace, Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia no. 66/2007.
• Law on police, Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia no. 114/2006
• Lomell M. Heidi (2010). The politics of Numbers Crime Statistics as a Source of Knowledge and a Toll of Governance. In: Shoham, G. Shlomo, Knepper, P. & Kett, M., (eds. 117 - 152). International Handbook of Criminology, CRS Press.
• Magir, М. (2002). Podatoci i statistika za kriminalot in Megvaer, Morgan & Rajner (eds.). Oksfordski Priracnik za kriminologija (prev., 2010, Napres, Skopje).
• Patric, R. (2014). A Tangled Web: Why you can’t believe crime statistics. Civitas
• Rulebook for the manner of conducting police powers, Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia no. 149/2007, 117/2014.
• Stefanovska, V. (2019). „Factors related to crime recording by the police: conditions and challenges in Macedonia”, Conference Proceedings, 6-7 November, 2019, Belgrade, International scientific conference, „Archibald Reiss Days”, University of criminalistics and police studies.
• Stefanovska, V. (2019). Real or false image of police recorded crime: What crime data show?, Criminology & Social Integration: Journal for criminology, penology and behaviour problems, HRCAK, Zagreb Vol. 27 N. 2, 221 – 234, https://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_jezik=337023
• Stefanovska, V., Gogov, B. & Peovska, N. (2019). Procesot na evidentiranje i statisticko prikazuvanje na klasiciniot criminal od strana na policijata. Fakultet za bezbednost – Skopje.
• Tierney, J. (2006). Criminology theory and context (second edition). Rearson Education.
• Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC) (2000) On the Record: Thematic Inspection on Police Crime Recording, the Police National Computer and Phoenix Intelligence System Data Quality. London: Home Office.
Police Organization – Structure and Functioning