THE IMPORTANCE OF SPEECH PAUSES FOR PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC AND FORENSIC OBSERVATIONS
During the psychotherapeutic process, the pauses could “tell” a lot about a patient`s personality, problems and experiences. The length and the quality of pauses could be connected with intrapsychic conflicts which a patient tries to “hide" and with the transference too. Looked at from the perspective of the work on dreams and history, pauses could be very useful for the psychotherapist’s understanding of the patient. Theoretical concepts are interwoven with the examples from clinical practice. In forensic view, pauses in speech are analyzed on a phonetic-linguistic basis. The paper presents the classification of pauses with special reference to filled pauses. In these pauses the silence can be filled with a neutral voice /әː/ or a voice combination /әːm/. Several examples will indicate their intra-speaker stability as well as inter-speaker variability. Experiments have shown that a certain set of acoustic-phonetic features makes these pauses important forensic markers.
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