THE END OF THE COLD WAR AS INTRODUCTION TO THE CONFLICT OF CIVILIZATIONS

  • Hatidža Beriša
  • Katarina Jonev Ćiraković PhD candidate
  • Aleksandar Ćiraković
Keywords: social conflict, globalization, civilization, Cold War, religion, war

Abstract

The clash of civilizations is actually a popular name for the theory that, after the end of the Cold War, the main source of conflict in the world will no longer be opposing ideologies, but belonging to different civilizations. The author of the theory is Samuel Huntington, an American political scientist, professor of governance science and director of the Institute for Strategic Studies at Harvard University.

Huntington claimed that in the post-Cold War period, "the clash of civilizations will dominate world politics ... the lines of separation between civilizations will become the battle lines of the future ... the next war, if there is one, will be a war between civilizations".

The paper defines the basic concepts of civilization and social conflicts, pointing out that globalization is a possible catalyst for conflict. The paper has focus on understanding the relationship between religion and war. A special feature of the paper is to look at the clash of civilizations through the prism of the theory of clash of civilizations, while the fifth part of the paper looks at the facts that indicate the reality of the clash of civilizations after the Cold War.

The aim of this paper is to understand the nature and causes of conflicts in the world after the Cold War, through the prism of the theory of conflicts of civilizations, with a presentation of relevant facts to what extent conflict is possible and real.

References

1. Bežinski 3, Amerika - Kina i sudbina sveta: Strateška vizija, Albatros Plus, Beograd, 2013.
2. Berger P. (Piter L. Berger), Desekularizacija sveta: oživljavanje religije i svetska politika, Mediteran, N.Sad, 2008.
3. Beriša Hatidža, Šaranović Jovanka, Slavković Rade, Bezbednosne implikacije globalizacije, http://www.isi.mod.gov.rs/multimedia/dodaci/7_1537771469.pdf
4. Vujaklija Milan: Rečnik stranih reči i izraza, Prosveta, Beograd, 1980.
5. Golubović Zagorka, Savremena civilizacija i kultura: Napredak i regresija - https://izdanja.filfak.ni.ac.rs.
6. Đukić Stanimir, Uzroci društvenih konflikata i upravljanje konfliktima u uslovima krize, Vojno delo 3/2018, Beograd, 2018.
7. Espozito DŽon: Islamska pretanja: mit ili stvarnost, Prosveta, Beograd, 1994,
8. Mandelbaum M. (Mandelbaum Majkl), Ideje koje su osvojile svet, Filip Višnjić, Beograd, 2004.
9. Milašinović Radomir, Milašinović Srđan: Osnovi teorije konflikata, Fakultet bezbednosti, Beograd, 2007.
10. Milić Slobodan, Uspon neoliberalizma i njegova kritika, http://www.odbrana.mod.gov.rs/odbrana-stari/vojni_casopisi/arhiva/VD_2016-6/68-2016-6-04-Simic.pdf
11. Mitrović LJ, "Kulturni i etnički identiteti u procesu globalizacije i regionalizacije Balkana", Zbornik, Filozofski fakultet, Institut za sociologiju, Niš, 2005.
12. Petrović S: Kulturologija, Čigoja, Beograd, 2000.
13. Pečujlić Miroslav: Globalizacija dva lika sveta, Gutenbergova Galaksija, Beograd, 2002.
14. Pešić Mihajlo: Sociologija I: Predmet, metod i teorije, Institut za političke studije, Beograd, 1982
15. Ronald Inglehart i Pippa Norris, Stvarni sukob civilizacija - https://pdfslide.net/documents/stvarni-sukob-civilizacijapdf.html
16. Sivaček Jože, Sivaček Jovana: Naučno razumevanje društvenih sukoba, osnov nauka odbrane, Vojno delo leto/2011, Beograd, 2011.
17. Simić Dejan, Nauka o bezbednosti: savremeni pristupi bezbednosti, JP Službeni list SRJ, Beograd, 2002.
18. Simić Dejan, Neoliberalni globalizam, suverenitet i nacionalna odbrana, http://www.odbrana.mod.gov.rs/odbrana-stari/vojni_casopisi/arhiva/VD_2016-6/68-2016-6-04-Simic.pdf
19. Subotić Milovan, „Ekstremizam kosmetskih Albanaca“: supremacija etnonacionalizma nad verskim ekstremizmom”, Nacionalni interes, br. 3/2017.
20. Subotić Milovan, „Zloupotreba verskih i etničkih identiteta kao potencijal za ekstremističko ispoljavanje”, Kultura polisa, posebno izdanje br. 2/2018.
21. Subotić Milovan, Religija i rat – povratak otpisanog? - http://www.doiserbia.nb.rs/img/doi/0025-8555/2019/0025-85551904476S.pdf
22. Subotić Milan, Globalizacija demokratije i civilizacijske granice, https://ifdt.bg.ac.rs/wp-content/uploads/1998/05/subotic-2-1998.pdf
23. Tofler Alvin i Hajdi: Rat i antirat, Paideia, Beograd, 1998.
24. Turen A. (Touraine Alain) Postindustrijsko društvo, Beograd, 1998
25. Flere Sergej: Sociološki leksikon, Savremena administracija, Beograd, 1982.
26. Hantington P. Semjuel, Sukob civilizacija i preoblikovanje svetskog poretka, CID, Podgorica, 2000.
27. Hatibović DŽemal, O globalizaciji još jednom - http://www.doiserbia.nb.rs/img/doi/0025-8555/2002/0025-85550201002H.pdf
28. Čolić Snežana, Sociokulturni aspekti potrošnje, potrošačke kulture i društva, Institut društvenih nauka Ivo Pilar, Zagreb, 2008.
29. Džuverović N, Ekonomski faktori oružanih sukoba, Službeni glasnik i Jugoistok HHI, Beograd, 2013.
30. Šćepanović Vladislav, Problem odnosa civilizacija, kulture i imperijalnosti -https://www.ips.ac.rs/publications/sukob-generalizacija-problem-odnosa-civilizacija-kulture-i-imperijalnosti/
Published
2021-11-26