The role of procedural justice in the work of the police
Procedural justice is essentially an inherent part of every police action. It is a dynamic coefficient, a shaper of legitimacy and trust, and an elementary determinant of community satisfaction with the police. In my study, I intend to present the results of the most significant empirical research on procedural justice. I shed light on the significant correlation between procedural justice and the legitimate operation of the police. In the study, I will conditionally address the research methodology used to examine the existence or absence of procedural justice. The relationship between the police organization's internal systems, especially the fairness of the distribution system, is also an important criterion to address this in my study. Just as procedural justice affects a citizen’s police relationship, so ethical, legitimate policing is in close nexus with the police’s organizational culture and the enforcement of internal procedural justice. These are essentially called “feedback loops,” that is, the enforcement of procedural truth within a police organization can indirectly carry greater social support; however, they may also appear negatively, adversely affecting the organization's performance. Therefore, procedural justice elements must appear in the measurement of the efficiency of a police organization, just as special attention should be paid to the structure of police training.
Bradford, Ben – Quinton, Paul (2014): Self-legitimacy, police culture and support fordemocratic policing in an English constabulary. The British Journal of Criminology, vol. 54. is. 6: 1,023-1,046.
Brunson, R. K., & Miller, J. (2006). Young black men and urban policing in the United States. The British Journal of Criminology, 46, 613–640.
Charbonneau, Etienne – Riccucci, Norma M. (2008): Beyond the usual suspects: An analysis of the performance measurement literature on social equity indicators in policing. Public Performance and Management Review, vol. 31. no. 4. 604–620.
College of Policing (2015): Fair cop 2: Organisational justice, behaviour and ethical policing. URL:http://whatworks.college.police.uk/Research/Documents/150317_Fair_
cop%202_FINAL_REPORT.pdf (Letöltés ideje: 2016. augusztus 17.
Elliott, I., Thomas, S., & Ogloff, J. (2013). Procedural justice in victim-police interactions and victims’ recovery from victimization experience. Policing and Society. Early publication online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10439463.2013.784309
Gau, J. M., & Brunson, R. K. (2010). Procedural justice and order maintenance policing:A study of inner-city young men’s perceptions of police legitimacy. Justice
George Wood & Tom R. Tyler & Andrew V. Papachristos (2020): "Procedural justice training reduces police use of force and complaints against officers," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 117(18), pages 9815-9821, May.
Harkin D. Police legitimacy, ideology and qualitative methods: A critique of procedural justice theory. Criminology & Criminal Justice. 2015;15(5):594-612. doi:10.1177/1748895815580397
Hart, Timothy C., and Callie Rennison. 2003. Reporting Crime to the Police, 1992–2000. NCJ Publication No. 195710. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Hinds, L., & Murphy, K. (2007). Public satisfaction with police: Using procedural justice to improve police legitimacy. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 40, 27–42.
Jonathan-Zamir, T., & Weisburd, D. (2013). The effects of security threats on antecedentsof police legitimacy: Findings from a quasi-experiment in Israel. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 50, 3–32.
Kochel, T., Parks, R. B., & Mastrofski, S. D. (2013). Examining police effectiveness as precursor to legitimacy and cooperation with police. Justice Quarterly, 30, 895–925.
Lipsky, Michael (2010): Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services, 30th anniversary expanded edition. Russell Sage Foundation, New York. (Lipsky’s book was originally published in 1980.)
Mastrofski, S. D., Snipes, J. B., & Supina, A. E. (1996). Compliance on demand: The public’s response to specific police requests. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 33, 269–305.
Mazerolle, L., Bennett, S., Antrobus, E., & Eggins, E. (2012). Procedural justice, routine encounters and citizen perceptions of police: Main findings from the Queensland community engagement trial (QCET). Journal of Experiment Criminology, 8, 343–367.
Mazerolle, L., Bennett, S., Davis, J., Sargeant, E., & Manning, M. (2013). Legitimacy in policing: A systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews. doi:10.4073/csr.2013.1
Miller, S. L., & Hefner, K. (2013). Procedural justice for victims and offenders?: Exploring restorative justice processes in Australia and the US. Justice Quarterly. Early publication online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07418825.2012.760643
Moore, Mark H. – Braga, Anthony A. (2004): Police performance measurement: A normative framework. Criminal Justice Ethics, vol. 23. iss. 1. 3–19.
Moore, Mark H. (2002). Recognizing Value in Policing: The Challenge of Measuring Police Performance. Washington, DC: Police Executive Research Forum.
Murphy, K., Hinds, L., & Fleming, J. (2008). Encouraging public cooperation and support for police. Policing and Society, 18, 136–155.
Murphy, Kristina – Hinds, Lyn – Fleming, Jenny (2008): “Encouraging Public Cooperation and Support for Police”. Policing & Society, vol. 18, no. 2. 136–155
Mustafa Demir, Robert Apel, Anthony A. Braga, Rod K. Brunson & Barak Ariel (2018): Body Worn Cameras, Procedural Justice, and Police Legitimacy: A Controlled Experimental Evaluation of Traffic Stops, Justice Quarterly, DOI: 10.1080/07418825.2018.1495751
Pryce, D. K., Johnson, D., & Maguire, E. R. (2017). Procedural Justice, Obligation to Obey, and Cooperation with Police in a Sample of Ghanaian Immigrants. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 44(5), 733–755. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854816680225
Psychology, 57, 375-400.
Quarterly, 27, 255–279.
Reisig, M. D., Bratton, J., & Gertz, M. J. (2007). The construct validity and refinement of process-based policing measures. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34, 1005–1028.
Skogan, W. G. (2006). The promise of community policing. In D. Weisburd & A. A. Braga (Eds.), Police innovation: Contrasting perspectives (pp. 27–43). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sun, I. Y., Wu, Y., Hu, R., & Farmer, A. K. (2017). Procedural Justice, Legitimacy, and Public Cooperation with Police: Does Western Wisdom Hold in China? Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 54(4), 454–478. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022427816638705
Sunshine, J., & Tyler, T. R. (2003). The role of procedural justice and legitimacy in shaping public support for policing. Law and Society Review, 37, 513–548.
Tal Jonathan-Zamir, Stephen D. Mastrofski & Shomron Moyal (2015) Measuring Procedural Justice in Police-Citizen Encounters, Justice Quarterly, 32:5, 845-871, DOI: 10.1080/07418825.2013.845677
Tankebe J (2010) Public confidence in the police: Testing the effects of experience of police corruption in Ghana. British Journal of Criminology 50(2): 296–319.
Tankebe J (2013) Viewing things differently: The dimensions of public perceptions of police legitimacy. Criminology 51(1): 103–135.
Tankebe J and Mesko G (2015) Police self-legitimacy, use of force, and pro-organizational behaviour in Slovenia. In: Mesko G and Tankebe J (eds) Trust and Legitimacy in Criminal Justice. London: Springer International Publishing.
Tyler, T. (1988). What is procedural justice? Criteria used by citizens to assess the fairness of legal procedures. Law & Society Review, 22, 103-135.
Tyler, T. (2003). Procedural justice, legitimacy, and the effective rule of law. In M. H. Tonry (Ed.), Crime and justice: A review of research (pp. 283-357). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Tyler, T. (2005). Policing in Black and White: Ethnic group differences in trust and confidence in the police. Police Quarterly, 8, 322-342.
Tyler, T. (2006). Psychological perspectives on legitimacy and legitimation. Annual Review of
Tyler, T. R., & Huo, Y. J. (2002). Trust in the law: Encouraging public cooperation with the police and courts. New York, NY: Russell-Sage Foundation.
Tyler, T., & Fagan, J. (2006). Legitimacy and cooperation: Why do people help the police fight crime in their communities? Public Law & Legal Theory Working Paper Group (Paper No. 06-99). New York: Columbia Law School.
Tyler, T., & Folger, R. (1980). Distributional and procedural aspects of satisfaction with citizen–police encounters. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 1, 281-292.
Tyler, T., & Huo, Y. (2002). Trust in the law: Encouraging public cooperation with the police and courts. New York: Russell Sage.
Tyler, T., & Wakslak, C. (2004). Profiling and police legitimacy: Procedural justice, attributions of motive, and acceptance of police authority. Criminology, 42, 253-281.
Tyler, T., Rasinski, K., & Spodick, N. (1985). The influence of voice on satisfaction with leaders: Exploring the meaning of process control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 72-81.
Tyler, Tom R., and Jeffrey Fagan. 2008. “Legitimacy and Cooperation: Why Do People Help the Police Fight Crime in Their Communities?” Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 6: 231–75.
Van Craen, M., & Skogan, W. G. (2017). Achieving Fairness in Policing: The Link Between Internal and External Procedural Justice. Police Quarterly, 20(1), 3–23. https://doi.org/10.1177/1098611116657818
Worden, R., & McLean, S. (2017). Mirage of Police Reform: Procedural Justice and Police Legitimacy. Oakland, California: University of California Press. Retrieved January 21, 2021, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/j.ctt1w8h1r1