THE ROLE OF CRIMINAL LAW IN TRADE SECRET PROTECTION

  • Mladen Milošević
Keywords: The Role of Criminal Law, Trade Secret, EU Directive 2016/943

Abstract

The protection of confidential business information is one of crucial elements of corporate security policy. It is also an important tool for securing corporate reputation and market competitiveness. Trade secrets have legal protection through norms of Penal, Civil, Trade and Labor law. This paper focuses on the role of Criminal Law in prevention and reaction in cases of trade secret abuse. The author presents and analyses the provisions of Serbian Criminal Code that regulates trade secret breach. He also considers relations between different forms of liability for trade secret misuse in Serbian legal system. Special attention is given to the problem of poor court practice since criminal sanctions are very rarely imposed for trade secret breaches. 

References

Almeling, D. (2012). „Seven reasons why trade secrets are increasingly important“.
Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 27, pp. 1091-1117.
Bone, R. (1998). „A New Look at Trade Secrets Law: Doctrine in Search of Justification“. California Law Review, Vol. 86, 2/1998, pp. 243-270.
Criminal Code of the Republic of Serbia, 2005 (Krivični zakonik Republike Srbije, „Sl. Glasnik RS“, br. 85/05, 88/05 , 107/05, 72/09, 111/09, 121/12, 104/13, 108/14, 94/16, 35/19)
Criminal Code of the SR Serbia, (Krivični zakon Republike Srbije , "Službeni glasnik SRS", br. 26/77, 28/77, 43/77, 20/79, 24/84, 39/86, 51/87, 6/89 i 42/89, "Službenik glasnik RS", br. 21/90, 16/90, 26/91, 75/91, 9/92, 49/92, 51/92, 23/93, 67/93, 47/94, 17/95, 44/98, 10/02, 11/02, 80/02, 39/03 i 67/03)
Delić, N. (2021). Krivično pravo – posebni deo. Beograd: Pravni fakultet Univerziteta u Beogradu.
Đorđević, Đ. (2013). Prekršajno pravo sa osnovama privrednoprestupnog prava. Beograd: Kriminalističko-policijska akademija.
Hilton, E. (1990). What Sort of Improper Conduct Constitutes Misappropriation of a Trade Secret. 30 IDEA Journal of Law and Technology.
Jamieson, K. „Just Deserts: A Model to Harmonize Trade Secret Injunctions“,
Nebraska Law Review, Vol. 72, 2/1993.
Jovičić, K. (2018). Poslovne tajne: određenje i osnovi zaštite. Strani pravni život, 62 (1), pp. 7 – 19.
Law on Protection of Trade Secret of the Republic of Serbia, 2011 (Zakon o zaštiti poslovne tajne, „Sl.glasnik RS“, broj 72/11)
Law on Protection of Trade Secret of the Republic of Serbia, 2021 (Zakon o zaštiti poslovne tajne, „Sl.glasnik RS“, broj 53/21)
Law on Companies of the Republic of Serbia, 2011 (Zakon o privrednim društvima, „Sl. Glasnik RS“, br. 36/11, 99/11, 83/14 - dr. zakon, 5/15, 44/18, 95/18, 91/19)
Mandić, G., Putnik, N., Milošević, M. (2017). Zaštita podataka i socijalni inženjering – pravni, organizacioni i bezbednosni aspekti. Beograd: Univerzitet u Beogradu-Fakultet bezbednosti.
Mandić, G., Putnik, N., Milošević, M. (2017a). Contemporary Deception Techniques: Social Engineering – Semantic, Phenomenological and Security Aspects. In: Bošković, M. (Ed.), Security Risks: Assessment, Management and Current Challenges (pp.111-127). New York: Nova Science Publisher, Inc.
Milošević, M., Mladenović, M. (2017). Upravljanje pravnim rizicima kao element korporativne bezbednosne politike. Srpska politička misao, broj 3/2017, god. 24., vol. 57., pp. 289-304.
Peterson, G. (1998). Trade Secrets Protection in an Information Age. Glasser Legal Works.
Presuda Osnovnog suda u Nišu K 65/14, od 23.04.2014. godine.
Srzentić, N., Stajić, A., Kraus, B., Lazarević, Lj., Đorđević, M. (1986). Komentar krivičnih zakona SR Srbije, SAP Kosova i SAP Vojvodine. Beograd: Savremena administracija.
Stojanović, Z. (2018). Komentar Krivičnog zakonika. Beograd: Službeni glasnik.
The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), World Trade Organisation, 1994.
Available at: https://www.zis.gov.rs/upload/documents/pdf_sr/pdf/trips.pdf (last retrieved: 30.06.2021).
The Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection on undisclosed know-how and business information (trade secrets) against their unlawful acquisition, use and disclosure. (Official Journal of the European Union, L 157/1; available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dir/2016/943/oj; last retrieved: 25. 08. 2021).
Wingo, H. (1997). Dumpster Diving and the Ethical Blindspot of Trade Secret Law. Yale Law & Policy Review, Vol. 16 (195), pp. 195-219.
Published
2021-11-26
Section
Criminalistic and Criminal Justice Aspects in Solving and Proving of Criminal Of