MUTUAL DEPENDENCY BETWEEN SOCIAL FACTORS AND CRIME

  • Danijela Petrović University of Pristina, Faculty of Law, Kosovska Mitrovica
Keywords: crime, social factors, unemployment, poverty

Abstract

Abstract: The issues of crime, its causes and effects, are perpetually current issues. Although legislators are investing efforts to act preventively and reduce the scope and types of criminal activities, crime is present in all countries of modern society. The occurrence of crime is conditioned by social, economic, and cultural factors, but also by the behavior of individuals, their biological and psychological characteristics. There are conflicting views in the literature and the professional public about the dependency between social factors and crime. The subject of the analysis in the paper is the impact of economic and social factors, primarily poverty and unemployment, on the level of crime, but also the impact of crime on the economic development. Resources engaged in police, judiciary, and crime itself have opportunity costs, and their application in other fields can affect the economic development and social well-being. We used economic tools and methods in the analysis.

References

1. Agell, J. and Nilsson, A. (2003), Crime, Unemployment and labor market programs in turbulent times, Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation, 5;
2. Begović, B., (2009), Nezaposlenost i kriminal: pregled teorijskih i empirijskih nalaza, Stanje kriminaliteta u Srbiji, 101-123;
3. Box S., (1987) Recession, Crime and Punishment, London, Macmillan;
4. Cantor D. and Land K., C., (1985), Unemployment and Crime Rates in the Post-World War II United States: A Theoretical and Empire Analysis, American Sociological Review 50, 317-322;
5. Chiricos, T. (1987), rates of crime and unemployment: An analysis of aggregate research evidence Journal of social Problems 34, 187-211;
6. Choe, J. (2008), Income inequality and crime in the United States. Economic Letters 101, 31-33;
7. Council of European Union. (2004), Joint report by the Commission and the Council on social inclusion, Brussels;
8. Chris H., Sabbgh D., (1991), Testing the Relationship between Unemployment and Crime: A Methodological Comment and Empirical Analysis Using Time Series Data from England and Wales, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Vol. 28, 400-417;
9. Ehrlich I., (1973), Participation in illegitimate activities: A theoretical and empirical investigation. Journal of Political Economy 38(3), 521-565;
10. Myers D. G., (2000), The American paradox: Spiritual hunger in an age of plenty. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press;
11. Nikolić-Ristanović V., Konstantinović-Vilić S., (2018), Kriminologija, Beograd, 357-358;
12. Papps, K. L., Winkelmann R., (1999), Unemployment and crime: New evidence for an old question, IZA and Centre for Economic Policy Research, 1-16;
13. Петровић Д., (2020), Економска анализа накнаде нематеријалне штете у парничном поступку, докторска дисертација, Ниш, 240-241;
14. Raphael S., Winter‐Ebmer R., (2001), Identifying the Effect of Unemployment on Crime, The Journal of Law & Economics, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 259-283;
15. UN, (1995), The Copenhagen Declaration and Programme of Action: World Summit for Social Development, New York.
Published
2021-11-26
Section
Social, Economic and Political Flows of Crime