• Slađana Jovanović


gender-based violence, domestic violence, victim, witness, protection, support, criminal proceedings


The paper is focused on the actual status of victims of gender-based violence (with emphasis on domestic violence) in Serbia regarding the efforts made in the field of gender equality and victim support and protection (recently adopted National Strategy for Preventing and Combating Gender-Based Violence against Women and Domestic Violence, as well as the National Strategy on the Rights of Victims and Witnesses of Crime, and the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention). The emphasize is on the empirical data gathered in previously and recently conducted researches on victims’ satisfaction and needs articulated by their own experience from contacts with different state agencies, as well as on the requirements and recommendations of the Victims of Crime Directive 2012/29/EU and Istanbul Convention. Quality of the first contact with victim, offering relevant, useful information, efficient support and protection are of the great importance not just for victims themselves, but also in proving criminal offences of gender-based violence in criminal proceedings. Adequately treated victim will more likely become reliable witness.


1. Brienen, M. E. I., Hoegen, E. H. (2000) Victims of Crime in 22 European Criminal Justice Systems: the Implementation of Recommendation (85)11 of the Council of Europe on the Position of the Victims in the Framework of Criminal Law and Procedure. Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Productions
2. Criminal Procedure Code, Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia“, No. 72/2011, 101/2011, 121/2012, 32/2013, 45/2013, 55/2014, 35/2019, 27/2021- Constitutional Court Decision, 62/2021- Constitutional Court Decision
3. Ćopić, S. (2002) Domestic Violence and Social Reaction. In: Nikolić-Ristanović, V. (Ed.) Domestic Violence in Serbia (pp. 91-105), Belgrade: Victimological Society of Serbia, Prometej.
4. Directive 2012/29/EU of the European Parliament and the Council of 25 October 2012 establishing minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2001/220/JHA
5. European Commission, Serbia 2020 Report, serbia_report_2020.pdf (, accessed on: 1. 8. 2021.
6. GREVIO (2020) Baseline evaluation report on legislative and other measures giving effect to the provisions of the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (Istanbul Convention) Serbia, Final report on Serbia (, accessed on: 1. 8. 2021.
7. Ignjatović, T. (2021) Challenges in Achieving Protection and Support for Women with Experience of Partner Violence and their Children in Serbia. Belgrade: Autonomous Women's Centre
8. Jovanović, S. (2018) Factors of Non-Reporting Violence against Women and Children in Reception and Asylum Centres in the Republic of Serbia. Proceedings of the Institute of Criminological and Sociological Resarch, (37)2, pp. 29-44.
9. Jovanović, S. (2015) The Legal Status of the Injured Party and Victim of Crime. In: Kolarić, D. (Ed.) Archibald Reiss Days (vol. II, pp. 267-274), Belgrade: Academy of Criminalistic and Police Studies
10. Jovanović, S., Simeunović-Patić, B., Macanović, V. (2012) Criminal Justice Response to Domestic Violence in Vojvodina. Novi Sad: Provincial Secretariat for Economy, Employment and Gender Equality
11. Konstantinović-Vilić, S., Petrušić, N. (2007) Criminal Offence of Domestic Violence: Actual Judicial Practice in Belgrade and Niš. Belgrade: Autonomous Women’s Centre and Women’s Research Centre for Education and Communication, Niš
12. Law on Execution of Criminal Sanctions, Official Gazette RS, No. 55/2014, 35/2019
13. Law on Domestic Violence Prevention, Official Gazette RS, No. 94/2016
14. Löffelmann, M. (2006) The Victim in Criminal Proceedings. Resource Material Series No.70 (pp. 31-41), Tokyo: UNAFEI
15. Marković, J., Cvejić, M. (2017) Violence against Women and Girls in Refugee and Migrant Population in Serbia. Belgrade: Atina – Citizens Association for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings and all Forms of Gender-Based Violence
16. Mrvić-Petrović, N., Jovanović, S. (2015) Recommendations for Improving the Application of Alternative Criminal Sanctions and Restorative Justice Measures. In: Nikolić, 17. N. (Ed.) Promotion of the Alternative Criminal Sanctions and Restorative Justice Measures (pp. 42-54), Belgrade: Centre for Democracy Foundation and Victimology Society of Serbia
18. National Institute of Justice (2006) Victim Satisfaction with the Criminal Justice System, January 1, 2006,, accessed on 10. 8. 2021.
19. National Strategy for Preventing and Combating Gender-Based Violence against Women and Domestic Violence 2021–2025, Official Gazette RS, No. 47/2021
20. Network Women against Violence, Annual Reports on Femicides in Serbia 2010-2020,, accessed on 15. 8. 2021
21. OSCE (2019) OSCE-led Survey on Violence against Women: Well-Being and Safety of Women, Serbia – Results Report. 419750_1.pdf (, accessed on 3.8.2021.
22. Petrušić, N., Žunić, N., Vilić, V. (2018) The Criminal Offence of Domestic Violence in Judicial Practice - New Trends and Challenges. Belgrade: OSCE
23. Protector of Citizens (2020) Special Report on Activities of the Groups for Coordination and Cooperation in Belgrade. Poseban izvestaj zastitnika gradjana.pdf (, accessed on 3. 8. 2021.
24. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS) Adult Pertpetrators Charged with Domestic Violence 2004-2019,, accessed on: 5. 8. 2021.
25. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS) (2020) Adult Pertpetrators of Criminal Offences in the Republic of Serbia, 2019. Bulletin, (665), Belgrade.
26. Turković, K., Ajduković, D., Mrčela, M., Krešić, M. (2007) Results of the Research on Support for Victims and Witnesses of Crimes in Croatia (UNDP, 2007). In: Kuzmić, M. (Ed.) Actual Issues of Criminal Legislation,
(pp. 190-194), Zagreb: Engineering Bureau
27. U.S. Department of Justice, IACP Victims Summit (2000) What do Victims want? 189372NCJRS.pdf (, accessed on: 12. 8. 2021.






Criminalistic and Criminal Justice Aspects in Solving and Proving of Criminal Of