INTERNATIONAL LEGAL REGULATION AND PROSECUTION OF CRIMES OF AGGRESSION

Authors

  • Duško Dimitrijević Institute of International Politics and Economics

Keywords:

Aggression, crime against peace, UN, ICC

Abstract

Purpose

In the contemporary fragile international geopolitical environment, there is a tendency to constantly question the international legal meaning of aggression as a “leadership crime” against international peace. In this regard, the paper discusses the progressive development of the rule on the prohibition of aggression in international public law and its incrimination under international criminal law.

Design/Methods/Approach

The work is conceptually designed to follow the evolution of the legal regulation of aggression. Considering the various forms of manifestation of this criminal act, its meaning was examined by determining the content of the definitions accepted in international public and international criminal law through the use of legal-historical, comparative and teleological methods.

 

Findings

The subject paper finds that the international legal determination of aggression after the Second World War was a long and arduous task with unpredictable consequences. The previous solutions were not satisfactory, which is why the work on defining aggression lasted until 1974, when the UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 3314, on the definition of aggression. This definition of aggression was the model for determining the definition of aggression in international criminal law that allows the International Criminal Court to prosecute individuals responsible for this crime against peace.

 

Originality/Value

The value of this scientific work derives from the historical and comparative legal analysis of the most important international legal acts that determine the meaning of aggression in international and international criminal law. In contrast to the international legal definition of aggression, which concerns the establishment of a peremptory rule, i.e. prohibition of violations of ius ad bellum, the criminal law definition of aggression refers to determining the legal responsibility of individuals. Taking into account these differences, the author also pointed to the demarcation of competences between the UN Security Council and the International Criminal Court.

References

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Published

2024-04-29

Issue

Section

Etiology, Phenomenology and Trends of Contemporary Crime