• Miladin Nešić UCIPS
  • Krsto Lipovac
  • Dalibor Pešić


Keywords: road traffic safety, indicator, trend, benchmarking, performance.



Purpose of this paper is to determine the trends of various road safety indicators in order to identify the position of the Republic of Serbia in relation to other countries. Especially bearing in mind that in the next strategic period, Serbia is planned to be among the 10 best performing countries in Europe.


Data for the analysis were collected from the national database on traffic accidents for the Republic of Serbia, and from the annual road traffic safety reports based on the database on road traffic accidents for the European Union (CARE) and the International Road Safety Database (IRTAD). Trends were established using statistical analysis and benchmarking techniques were used for comparison.


Serbia is increasingly lagging behind the best performed EU countries.


The paper is original, and its value is reflected in the assessment of Serbia's progress in improving road traffic safety, as well as in finding countries from which to learn how to successfully manage road traffic safety in the long term.


Achterberg, F. (2007). Raising Compliance with Road Safety Law. 1 st Road Safety PIN Report. European Transport Safety Council - ETSC. Brussels. Accessed on 20.08.2023.

Antić, B., Grdinić, M., Pešić, D., Pajković, V. (2020). Benchmarking of the road safety performance among the regions by using DEA. Transportation Research Procedia 45, 78-86,

Bliss,T. and Breen, J. (2008). Implementing the Recommendations of The World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention: Country guidelines for the conduct of road safety management capacity reviews and the related specification of lead agency reforms, investment strategies and safety programs and projects, Global Road Safety Facility, World Bank, Washington.

Boets, S. (2023). Baseline report on the KPI Distraction. Baseline project, Brussels: Vias institute.

Carson, J., Jost, G., Meinero, M. (2023). Ranking EU Progress on Road Safety. 17th Road safety performance index report. European Transport Safety Council - ETSC. Accessed on 20.08.2023.

Chen, F., Wang, J., Deng, Y. (2015). Road safety risk evaluation by means of improved entropy TOPSIS-RSR. Safety Science, 79, 39-54.

Chen, F., Wang, J., Wua, J., Chen, X., Zegras, P. C. (2017). Monitoring road safety development at regional level: A case study ASEAN region. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 106, 437-449.

Chen, F., Wu, J., Chen, V., Wang, J., Wang, D. (2016). Benchmarking road safety performance: Identifying a meaningful reference (best-in-class). Accident Analysis and Prevention, 86, 76-89.

Davidović, J., Pešić, D., Lipovac, D., Antić, B. (2020). The Significance of the Development of Road Safety Performance Indicators Related to Driver Fatigue. Transportation Research Procedia, Volume 45, pages 333–342.

Dingus, T. A., Guo, F., Lee, S., Antin, J. F., Perez, M., Buchanan-King, M., Hankey, J. (2016). Driver crash risk factors and prevalence evaluation using naturalistic driving data. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113(10):201513271.

Directive (EU) 2015/413 facilitating cross-border exchange of information on road-safety-related traffic offences.

Egilmez, G., McAvoy, D. (2013). Benchmarking road safety of U.S. states: A DEA-based Malmquist productivity index approach. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 53, 55-64.

European Commission. (2019). EU Road Safety Policy Framework 2021-2030 - Next steps towards “Vision Zero”. Commission Staff Working Document. SWD(2019) 283 final. Brussels.

European Commission. (2023). Annual statistical report on road safety in the EU, 2022. European Road Safety Observatory. Brussels, European Commission, Directorate General for Transport.

European Transport Safety Council - ETSC. (2001). Transport Safety Performance Indicators. Brussels. Accessed on 20.08.2023.

ISO/FDIS 39001:2012(E), Road traffic safety (RTS) management systems – Requirements with guidance for use.

Jeanne Breen Consulting (2018), Study “Preparatory work for an EU road safety strategy 2020-2030”,

Kukić, D., Lipovac, K., Pešić, D., Rosić, M. (2016). The differences of road safety performance of countries based on outcome indicators. Safety Science, Volume 89, pages 279–287. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2016.07.005.

Kukić. D., Lipovac, K., Pešić, D., Vujanić, M. (2013). Selection of a relevant indicator – Road casualty risk based on final outcomes. Safety Science, Volume 51, pages 165–177.

Kullgren, A., Lie, A., Tingvall, C. (2010). Comparison between Euro NCAP test results and real-world crash data. Traffic Injury Prevention, Volume 11, Issue 6, pages 587-593.

Lipovac, K., Jovanović, D., i Nešić, M. (2020). Osnove bezbednosti saobraćaja. Kriminalističko-policijski univerzitet, Saobraćajnu fakultet u Beogradu i Fakultet tehničkih nauka u Novom Sadu.

Lipovac, K., Nešić, M., Tešić, M., Ross, A., Tubić, V., Marić B. (2016). A comparative analysis of dangerous locations on the public roads in serbia, Safety Science, Volume 84, pp. 190-200.

Nešić, M., Lipovac, K., Vujanić, M., Jovanović, D. (2016). Roadside public survey approach in black spot identification on rural roads: Case study, Transport, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp. 271-281.

Nešić, M., Subošić, D., Lipovac, K. (2021). Benčmarking kao alat za upravljanje projektima u bezbednosti saobraćaja. XXV Međunarodni kongres iz upravljanja projektima: „Odgovorno i fleksibilno upravljanje projektima“, Zbornik radova, str. 150-158, Udruženje za upravljanje projektima Srbije. ISBN 978-86-86385-21-5.

Nuyttens, N. (2022). Baseline report on the KPI Post-crash care. Baseline project, Brussels: Vias institute.

Pešić, D., Vujanić, M., Lipovac, K., Antić, B. (2013). New method for benchmarking traffic safety level for the territory. Transport, Volume 28(1): pages 69–80, ISSN 1648-4142 print/ISSN 1648-3480 online, doi:10.3846/16484142.2013.781539.

Silverans, P., Vanhove, S. (2023). Baseline conclusions and recommendations. Baseline project, Brussels: Vias institute.

Tešić, M., Hermans, E., Lipovac, K., Pešić, D. (2018). Identifying the most significant indicators of the total road safety performance index. Accident Analysis and Prevention, Volume 113, pages 263–278.

Van den Berghe, W. (2022). Baseline report on the KPI Infrastructure. Baseline project, Brussels: Vias institute.

Van den Broek, B., Aarts, L., Silverans, P. (2022). Baseline report on the KPI Safety belt and Child restraint systems. Baseline project, Brussels: Vias institute.

Van den Broek, B., Aarts, L., Silverans, P. (2023). Baseline report on the KPI Speeding. Baseline project, Brussels: Vias institute.

Vanhove, S. (2023). Baseline policy report. Baseline project, Brussels: Vias institute.

Wardenier, N., Silverans, P. (2023). Baseline report on the KPI Vehicle Safety. Baseline project, Brussels: Vias institute.

Wegman, F., Commandeur, J., Doveh, E.t Eksler, V., Gitelman, V., Hakkert, S., Lynam, D., Oppe. S. (2008). SUNflowerNext: Towards a Composite Performance Index. SWOV, Leidschendam.The Netherlands. ISBN 978-90-73946-05-7.

Wegman. F., Oppe. S., (2010). Benchmarking road safety performances of countries. Safety Science, 48, 1203-1211.

Yannis, G., Folla, K. (2022a). Baseline report on the KPI Helmet use among Cyclists and Powered two-wheelers (PTWs). Baseline project, Brussels: Vias institute.

Yannis, G., Folla, K. (2022b). Baseline report on the KPI Driving under the Influence of Alcohol. Baseline project, Brussels: Vias institute.






Etiology, Phenomenology and Trends of Contemporary Crime