POSSIBILITIES OF IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF THE REGISTER OF EXPERT WITNESSES IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA IN THE AREA OF BALLISTICS, COLD WEAPONS, AND FIREARMS

Authors

  • Ivana Bjelovuk University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies
  • Tanja Kesić University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies, Belgrade
  • Zoran Đurđević University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies, Belgrade

Keywords:

expert witness, expertise, ballistics, quality, register.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper’s purpose is to point out the need for a greater number of expert witnesses in the area of ballistics, cold weapons, and firearms because of the high number of crimes committed with the use of firearms, as well as the incomplete data from the Register of Expert Witnesses in the area of ballistics, cold weapons, and firearms in the Republic of Serbia, while giving recommendations for its improvement. The quality and content of the Register of Expert Witnesses in this area are directly related to the outcome of court proceedings in criminal justice, affect the length of court proceedings, and therefore should be improved.

Design/Methods/Approach

The method of content analysis and the method of descriptive statistics were applied in the paper.

Findings

The analysis of the Register of Expert Witnesses according to various criteria (specific area of expertise, gender, age, vocation, level of professional education) showed that there is a space for improving the quality of the Register of Expert Witnesses in the area of ballistics, cold weapons, and firearms, following the example of certain developed countries. A comparative review of the UK Register of Expert Witnesses revealed differences in the organization and content of the Register. Also, there is a need to hire a large number of expert witnesses because there is an impression that the number of expert witnesses in the Register is not sufficient given that there is a large number of crimes involving the use of firearms.

Originality/Value

The analysis of the Register of Expert Witnesses is very significant from the aspect of the availability of visible data on expert witnesses in the Register for the participants of the proceedings, but it also guarantees the quality of expert testimony and the right to a fair trial and a trial within a reasonable time. 

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Published

2024-04-29

Issue

Section

Contemporary Challenges in Detecting and Proving Crime