• Gyöngyi Major Institute for Strategic Research, Budapest, Hungary


corruption, integrity, human ethology, prevention, trust, AI


The present article focuses on the change of perspective in the field of anti-corruption actions. It examines the new tools and possibilities the perspective of integrity can offer in order to eradicate corruption, with special regard to its effects on strengthening public trust. It advances the thesis that integrity management can help create a value-conscious system which progressively becomes the true condition of eliminating corruption. The study examines the possibilities of information technology in the fight against corruption.

The article offers a multidisciplinary overview of relevant international literature on the subject. Corruption is approached as a collective action problem in the first place. As we examine corruption in the human ethological approach, at the same time in the AI environment the methodology is based on the scoping review, which differs the from systematic review or meta-analysis since neither the literature search algorithm nor the summarizing aspects at the time of conclusion are able to be formulated exactly, nor are they known in advance.

It is important to gain familiarity with the distinctive qualities of human behavior in order to prevent corruption and reduce the risks of integrity violations. The controlling system of societies can be analysed with the help of human ethology. This is an extremely important aspect when the AI is still being taught and trained by humans.

The article promotes the creation of a new educational programme; the formation of specialists (integrity experts) who can identify and analyse the risks of corruption and integrity of societies/organisations. Their work can strengthen the society’s ability to resist corruption.



De Benedetto Maria (2021): Corruption from a Regulatory Perspective. International Association of Legislation

Borenstein Michael & Hedges Larry V & Higgins Julian P. T. & Rothstein Hannah R: (2009) Introduction to Meta‐Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

Csányi Vilmos (2000): Humánetológia. In: Magyar tudomány, 2000/ 4 pp. 397-416.

Denyer David & Tranfield David (2009): Producing a systematic review. In: D. Buchanan & A.

Bryman (Eds.), The Sage handbook of organizational research methods London, United Kingdom: Sage. pp. 671-689

Heijden Kees van der (2005): Scenarios: The Art of Strategic Conversations. 2nd. ed. West Sussex, John Wiley & Sons

Katona Eszter & Németh Renáta (2021). Automatizált szöveganalitika a korrupció kutatásában. Társadalomtudományi Szemle, 11(1), 108–124.

Kim Daniel & Mullen Eileen: The Spirit of the Learning Organization

The Systems Thinker – The Spirit of the Learning Organization - The Systems Thinker

Klitgaard Robert (2015): Addressing corruption together. OECD Addressing-corruption-together.pdf (

Klitgaard, Robert & Maclean-Abaroa Ronald & Parris Lindsey H. (2000): Corrupt Cities. A Practical Guide to Cure and Prevention. Washington DC, The World Bank.

Klotz Péter (ed.) 2019: Közszolgálati Integritás. Integritás tanácsadó szakirány I. Félév. Dialóg Campus Kiadó

Klotz Péter (2017): Az integritás-szemlélet lehetőségei a korrupció elleni fellépésben, különös tekintettel a munkaköri kockázatok elemzésére. Nemzeti Közszolgálati Egyetem Közigazgatás-tudományi Doktori Iskola. Doktori értekezés

Köbis Nils & Starke Christopher & Edward-Gill Jaselle (2022): The Corruption Risks of Artificial Intelligence. Transparenci International DOI:10.13140/RG.2.2.21566.77129

Köbis Nils & Starke Christopher & Rahwan Iyad: Artificial Intelligence as an Anti-Corruption Tool (AI-ACT) Potentials and Pitfalls for Top-down and Bottom-up Approaches (Köbis/b)

Maesschalck Jeroen & Bertók János (2009): Towards a Sound Integrity Framework: Instruments, Processes, Structures and Conditions for Implementation. Paris, OECD Conference Centre

Major Gyöngyi (2022): Mesterséges intelligencia, a személy autonómiája és jogi kihívások. Autonómia Társadalom 2022/3 53-68. DOI: 10.52895/AT.2022.2.3.4

Major Gyöngyi & Čudan Aleksandar (2015): Corruption, Trust and Integrity. In: Archibald Reiss Days. (Ed: Kolarić) Academy of Criminalistic and Police Studies, Belgrade. Volume I, 311-323

Nieuwenburgh Paul (2002): Ethiek in het openbaar bestuur. Coutinho, Amsterdam.

Noonan, John T. (1984): Bribes, Macmillan, New York.

OECD (2000/a) Building Public Trust: Ethics Measures in OECD Countries. PUMA Policy Brief No. 7.

OECD (2000/b) National Integrity System. TI Source Book, Transparency International

OECD. 2009: Towards a Sound Integrity Framework: Instruments, Processes, Structures and Conditions for Implementation. unclassified policy paper. GOV/PGC/GF(2009)

Pallai Katalin (2016): The Need for a New Expertise Profile in Anticorruption. Paper prepared for the Anticorruption Collective Action Conference, Basel, Switzerland. 21-22. October 2016

Pallai Katalin & Gregor Anikó (2015): Assessment of Effectiveness of Public Integrity Training Workshops for Civil Servants – a case study. The paper has been presented at EGPA Conference, Toulouse, 26. August 2015 in the Permanent Study Group IX: Teaching Public Administration EGPA-paperafter-conference.pdf (

Pallai Katalin: Integritás és integritásmenedzsment –

Pallai Katalin: Párbeszéd, normák és argumentatív módszer az értékalapú kormányzás című tárgyhoz a az Integritás Tanácsadó Szakirányú továbbképzés keretében

Pulay Gyula (2021): Integritásmenedzsment. A bizalom megteremtése és megőrzése. Akadémiai Kiadó

Pulay Gyula (2014): Preventing Corruption by Strengthening Organisational Integrity. Public Finance Quarterly  2014/2 pp. 133-148

Rose-Ackerman S. (1978): Corruption: A Study in Political Economy, Academic Press, New York.

Senge Peter (2013): Presence. Audiobook.

Senge Peter & Scharmer, C. Otto & Jarowski Joseph & Flowers Betty Sue (2004): Presence: Human Purpose and the Field of the Future. New York, Random House.

Scharmer C. Otto (2016): Theory U: Leading from the Future as it Emerges, 2nd Edition Berrett-Koehler.

Schweitzer Hartmut (2005): Corruption – Its Spread and Decline. In Lambsdorff, Johann Graf – Taube Markus – Schramm Matthias (eds.): The New Institutional Economics of Corruption. New York, Routledge.

Tinnirello Maurizio (2022): The Global Politics of Artificial Intelligence. CRC - Chapman & Hall






Contemporary Challenges in Detecting and Proving Crime