INTERNATIONAL LAW AS FRAMEWORK OF JUDICIAL COOPERATION IN CRIMINAL MATTERS
New forms of crime, mutual connection between perpetrators of criminal offences and the widely present element of foreignness in the commission of criminal offences condition the increasing cooperation of states in the prosecution and extradition of both the perpetrators and cases related to the commission of criminal offences. However, there is a number of criminal offences generally agreed to be international criminal offences. These criminal offences are not within the exclusive jurisdiction of international courts, so the perpetrators can be tried for them before national courts as well according to one of the principles of the establishment of competence. The Hague Tribunal and the Rwanda Tribunal have primacy over national courts, while the International Criminal Court has complementary jurisdiction over the States Parties to the Rome Statute. We can talk about two models of international cooperation: vertical and horizontal, where vertical cooperation is between states and international courts, while the horizontal is cooperation between states.
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