THE FIGHT AGAINST ILLEGAL TRAFFICKING OF CULTURAL PROPERTY IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA – THE ROLE OF POLICE AUTHORITIES

THE ROLE OF POLICE AUTHORITIES

  • Vanja Miroslav Pavićević Institute of International Politics and Economics
Keywords: Cultural heritage, Illicit trafficking, Cultural goods, Police and customs authorities, Cooperation.

Abstract

THE FIGHT AGAINST ILLEGAL TRAFFICKING OF CULTURAL PROPERTY IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA – THE ROLE OF POLICE AUTHORITIES*

 

Vanja M. Pavićević, LL.M. Institute of International Politics and Economics, Research Assistant,[1]

Mihajlo Vučić, Ph.D. Institute of International Politics and Economics, Research Fellow[2]

 

Abstract: This paper sheds a light on a very controversial topic - the legal and security aspects of the illegal trafficking of cultural property. In the first part, the paper will depict the international legal framework dedicated to the illegal trafficking of cultural property. In the second part, the emphasis will be on the state of affairs in the Republic of Serbia and the role of the Bureau for the fight against organized crime when it comes to the aforementioned challenges. Thirdly, certain security and procedural challenges will be presented, thus highlighting the importance of strong cooperation between official authorities with the competence to fight against cultural property trafficking. Finally, possible solutions for a more effective national response in suppressing the illegal trafficking of cultural property will be put forth. The protection of cultural property gains growing importance in an attempt to develop and strengthen Serbia's cultural policy and cultural identity. It is also a topic of the national interest, especially having in mind the goals set in the new Strategy for Cultural Development of the Republic of Serbia for the period 2020-2029, which is still in the process of the adoption in the National Parliament.

 

 

*This paper presents findings of a study developed as a part of the research project “Serbia and challenges in international relations in 2020”, financed by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia, and conducted by Institute of International Politics and Economics, Belgrade.

[1] E-mail: vanja_pavicevic@yahoo.com

[2] E-mail: mihajlovucic@gmail.com

References

REFERENCES

Caponigri, F., Piri, A., Summary Report of Conference on "A new perspective on the protection of cultural property through criminal law", Aedon, Journal of Arts and Law Online, 2/2017, pp. 1-8.

Hoffman, B., (2006), ,, Exploring and Establishing Links for a Balanced Art and Cultural Heritage Policy” In: B. Hoffman. (Ed.), Art and Cultural Heritage – Law, Policy and Practice (pp. 1-18) Cambridge University Press, NY, USA.

INTERPOL, Protecting cultural heritage an imperative for humanity- Acting together against destruction and trafficking of cultural property by terrorist and organized crime groups, (2016), pp. 1-24.

Pavićević, V., ,,Legal challenges of the Republic of Serbia in the process of harmonization with the UNIDROIT Convention on stolen or illegally exported cultural objects'' Saopštenja, Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments of Serbia – Belgrade, pp. 217-227.

Shapiro, D,. ,,Cultural Property and the International Cultural Property Society”, International Journal of Cultural Property (2005) 12, pp.1–5.

Stojanović, Z., The Commentary of the Criminal Code (2018), 8th edition, pp. 781-784.

Ulph, J., ,,The impact of the criminal law and money laundering measures upon the illicit trade in art and antiquities”, 16 Art Antiquity & L. 39 (2011), pp.38-52.

UNESCO, ,,Fighting the Illicit Trafficking of Cultural Property", Property, in cooperation with UNIDROIT, INTERPOL, WCO, UNODC, ICOM, EUROPOL, EUROJUST, (2018), pp. 1-116.

Legal documents

Criminal Code of the Republic of Serbia (CC), Art. 204. ("Official Gazette of the RS ", no. 85/2005, 88/2005, 107/2005, 72/2009, 111/2009, 121/2012, 104/2013, 108/2014, 94/2016 and 35/2019)

International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism, https://treaties.un.org/doc/db/Terrorism/english-18-11.pdf

The Criminal procedure code (CPC), Art. 43, Para. 1, 2. (Official Gazette of RS, no. 72/2011, 101/2011, 121/2012, 32/2013, 45/2013, 55/2014 and 35/2019.

The Custom Code (CC), Article 291, ("Official Gazette of RS ", no. 18/2010, 111/2012, 29/2015, 108/2016 and 113/2017)

The Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict with Regulations for the Execution of the Convention 1954, http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=13637&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

The Law on Cultural Property (LCP), Article 12. ("Official Gazette of the RS" no. 71/94,52/2011, 99/11)

The Strategy for Cultural Development is still in the process of the adoption in the National Parliament. The draft is available at http://www.kultura.gov.rs/lat/dokumenti/propisi-iz-oblasti-kulture/strategija-razvoja-kulture-za-period-od-2020--do-2029--godine

UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property 1970, http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=13039&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

UNIDROIT Convention on stolen or illegally exported cultural objects, Rome, 24 June 1995, https://www.unidroit.org/instruments/cultural-property/1995-convention

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, https://www.unodc.org/documents/treaties/UNTOC/Publications/TOC%20Convention/TOCebook-e.pdf

Websites and registers

ARCHEO platform, http://www.wcoomd.org/~/media/wco/public/global/pdf/topics/enforcement-and-compliance/activities-and-programmes/cultural-heritage/archeo_brochure_en.pdf

Europol Press Release, https://www.europol.europa.eu/newsroom/news/23-arrests-and-around-10-000-cultural-items-seized-in-operation-targeting-italian-archaeological-trafficking

INTERPOL Database of Stolen Works of Art https://www.interpol.int/en/How-we-work/Databases/Stolen-Works-of-Art-Database

WCO News, Serbia’s valiant efforts to protect cultural heritage, https://mag.wcoomd.org/magazine/wco-news-86/serbias-valiant-efforts-to-protect-cultural-heritage/

Published
2020-11-27
Section
Effects of Physical Activity on Anthropological Status in Security Agency Per