THE EXPECTED BENEFIT OF CRIME

  • Danijela Petrović University of Pristina, Faculty of Law, Kosovska Mitrovica
Keywords: crime, economic analysis, benefit, probability of punishment, police, judiciary.

Abstract

The economic approach to crime is based on the assumption of rational choice. The decision of an individual to engage in crime is determined by the ratio of the costs and benefits of engaging in crime, but also the amount of benefits they derive from engaging in legal activities. Individuals decide to commit a crime if the benefits they derive from it is greater than the costs of the criminal act, while the aforementioned benefits can be of a financial, psychological or other nature. The achieved benefit is in the function of the probability of punishment, that is, the bearing of the consequences of a criminal act. Effective crime prevention can be achieved through the reduction of the benefits for the perpetrator of the crime, or by increasing the costs of engaging in crime. The subject of analysis in this paper is the role of the police and the judiciary in increasing the probability of punishment. The analysis also points to the conditionality and interrelation of the punishment threatened and the expected benefit of engaging in crime.

 

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Published
2020-11-27
Section
Criminalistic and Criminal Justice Aspects in Solving and Proving of Criminal Of