THE PURPOSE OF PUNISHMENT AS A CRITERIA FOR IMPOSING A SENTENCE OF JUVENILE IMPRISONMENT

  • Dragan M Blagić Pravni fakultet Univerziteta u Prištini sa privremenim sedištem u Kosovskoj Mitrovic
  • Zdravko V Grujić Pravni fakultet Univerziteta u Prištini sa privremenim sedištem u Kosovskoj Mitrovici
Keywords: purpose of punishment, juvenile imprisonment

Abstract

In the theory of juvenile criminal law, especially in a field of imposing criminal sanctions to minors, it is generally easy to switch from general to special prevention, by giving much greater importance to the special. Consistent opinions on special prevention have always been emphasized, while the impact of general, especially positive, general prevention is rarely mentioned. Considering that today in the theory of criminal law, the influence of the general i.e. positive prevention is prevailing, it is necessary to point out its importance when it comes to imposing a punishment of juvenile imprisonment.

Modern views on the purpose of punishment generally begin from a functional unity of special and general preference in terms of achieving the goals of punishment. Sentencing is a very complex procedure that requires consideration of all the statutory criteria, where the purpose of punishment certainly has a significant role. Given the legal nature of juvenile imprisonment and its specificity, it is possible that in one situation the objectives of general prevention require a more severe sentence, while the objectives of special prevention require a more lenient sentence. Therefore, it is necessary for the court to evaluate in each particular case the relation between special and general prevention and, when imposing this sentence, take into account both one and the other goals, without diminishing the importance of other circumstances that affect the sentencing.

In the paper, the authors first present the general questions related to the purpose of punishment, then explain the content and substance of the sentence of juvenile imprisonment, while at the end trying to determine the correlation between basic purposes of punishment and imposing the sentence of juvenile imprisonment.

 

References

Atanacković, D. (1988). Penologija, Beograd.
Bojanić, I., Mrčela M., (2/2006). Svrha kažnjavanja u kontekstu šeste novele Kaznenog zakona, Hrvatski ljetopis za kazneno pravo i praksu, Zagreb.
Vuković I, (2014). Svrha kažnjavanja kao kriterijum odmeravanja kazne, Kaznena reakcija u Srbiji IV deo, tematska monografija, Beograd.
Drakić D., Drakić G., (4/2015). Sistem mera bezbednosti u našem krivičnom pravu - kroz istoriju i danas, TEME, XXXIX.
Živanović T, (1930). Osnovi krivičnog prava Kraljevine Jugoslavije, Beograd.
Jeschek, H. H, WeigendT, (1996). Lehrbuch des Strafrechts, Allgemeiner Teil, 5, Berlin.
Krivični zakonik “Službeni glasnik Republike Srbije” br. 85/2005, 88/2005 - ispr., 107/2005 - ispr., 72/2009, 111/2009, 121/2012, 104/2013, 108/2014, 94/2016 i 35/2019).
Kostić M, (2/2011). Ličnost maloletnog delikventa-kriminološka obeležja, TEME, XXXV.
Lazarević Lj, Grubač M, (2005). Komentar zakona o maloletnim učiniocima krivičnih dela i krivičnopravnoj zaštiti maloletnih lica, Beograd.
Laubenthal, K, Baier, H, Nestler N, (2010). Jugendstrafrecht, 2. Auflage, Würzburg.
Milošević N, (3/2000). Maloletnički zatvor, Jugoslovenska revija za kriminologiju i krivično pravo, Beograd.
Novoselec P, (2007). Opći dio kaznenog prava, Zagreb.
Perić O, (2010). Komentar zakona o maloletnim učiniocima krivičnih dela i krivičnopravnoj zaštiti maloletnih lica, Beograd.
Perić O, (1979). Maloletnički zatvor, Beograd.
Platon, (1990). Zakoni, Beograd.
Radulović Lj, (1999). Kriminalna politika, Beograd.
Radulović Lj, (2010). Maloletničko krivično pravo, Beograd.
Republički zavod za statitstiku, Maloletni učinioci krivičnih dela – prijave, optuženja, osude u 2014, Bilten, br. 604, Beograd, 2015.
Rovin C, (2006). Strafrecht, Allgemeiner Teil, Band I, 4. München.
Simeunović-Patić B, (2/2017). Razvoj primarne prevencije seksulanog nasilja u svetu, TEME, XLI.
Srzentić N, Stajić A, (1970). Krivično pravo, Beograd.
Srzentić N, Stajić A, Lazarević Lj, (2000). Krivično pravo - Opšti deo, Beograd.
Stojanović, Z, (2/1994). Generalna prevencija i zaštitna funkcija krivičnog prava, Anali Pravnog fakulteta u Beogradu, 1, 219.
Stojanović Z, (2014). Krivično pravo, Beograd.
Stojanović Z, (1991). Politika suzbijanja kriminaliteta, Novi Sad.
Stojanović Z, (1/2011). Preventivna funkcija krivičnog prava, Crimen, Beograd.
Streng F, (2008). Jugendstrafrecht, Ninberg.
Škulić M, (2011). Maloletničko krivično pravo, Beograd.
Zakon o maloletnim učionicima krivičnih dela i krivičnopravnoj zaštiti malolenih lica, “Službeni glasnik Republike Srbije” br. 85/2005.
Published
2020-11-27
Section
Social, Economic and Political Flows of Crime