HISTORICAL RETROSPECTIVE AND PREVENTION FROM MIGRATION FLOWS AS A CONTEMPORARY SECURITY CHALLENGES FOR EUROPE

  • Andrej Peno Iliev Associate professor
Keywords: history, prevention, migration, security challenges, Europe

Abstract

Abstract:

         Migration is a global phenomenon that affects all countries in the world.  One of the major migrations of the last century is the Great Atlantic Movement from 1820 year to 1980 year, in which peoples moved from Europe to North America. During  this period, about 40 million people moved to America. Initially, they were inhabited from: Ireland, Netherlands, Germany and later from Africa. Migration in the new era began with the revolutions in the Arab world known as the "Arab Spring", from beginning of 2011 year and subsequently the Middle East wars: Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria. Among, most important migration routes were: Middle East-Asian route transiting through: Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Serbia, Hungary, Croatia and other European Union countries. This direction is particularly affected by military developments in Syria and Iraq. The second is the South African migrant route: Nigeria, Kenya, Sudan, Somalia, Libya, Egypt, Tunisia, Mediterranean, Italy, France, Spain and other Western European countries. The migration is affecting the demographic structure of European countries, and with implementation of inadequate integration programs for migrants in European countries security challenges are rising. The migration, further jeopardized the security of European countries by infiltrating radical terrorist groups into the mass waves of people moving to Europe in order to carry out terrorist attacks.

            In our paper we provide a detailed number of migrants who have transited through European countries from 2014 to February 2020. For the period from 2018 to February 2020, we provide a spreadsheet overview on country of origin for the migrants who have transited through European countries. From this, we can conclude that from 2014 to 18.02.2020 year the number of migrants who have transited through Europe increases or decreases depending on effective preventive measures of European countries' on a national and regional level. Conducting preventive measures for controlling the migration waves from European Commission and on a national level from European countries will be determined through statistical analysis using the scientific method Pearson correlation coefficient which will confirm or reject one of the paper hypothesis: Did the European countries have took effective preventive measures for controlling migrant waves which have transited through European countries? Finally, we will give a historical retrospective of migration flows from 2014 onwards in the context of:  Why the migration is contemporary security threat for the European countries, if they don’t take effective and unified legal regulations and instruments, which will give an appropriate response to the second hypothesis of our paper.

 Keywords: history, prevention, migration, security challenges, Europe

 

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Published
2020-11-27