POLYGRAPH TEST – WITH OR WITHOUT?

Authors

  • Árpád Dr. Budaházi National University of Public Service Faculty of Law Enforcement Department of Criminal Procedure Law

Keywords:

polygraph, lie detection, evidence, criminal procedure, investigation

Abstract

Purpose: This paper aims to show the role of the polygraph in detection and evidence. The paper focuses on applying the polygraph in Hungary and takes into account foreign practices. The paper will show the advantages and limitations of the method and how it has evolved over the last 100 years.

Design/Methods/Approach: The paper will primarily review domestic and foreign literature and analyze domestic legal norms. It also illustrates the experience of using polygraphs through case studies.

Findings: John Larson (USA) first used the modern three-channel polygraph in 1921 in the United States of America. Over the last 100 years, the instrument and the testing methodology have undergone significant changes. The instrument was first used in Hungarian criminal cases in 1978. Initially, the polygraph oriented the investigation, and the test results were not included in the investigation file. Later on, the polygraph test results became part of the investigation file, and there were also court judgments that referred to the polygraph test results as evidence. Nowadays, polygraph examinations are not used as evidence in Hungarian court practice, but there are efforts to make the results of polygraph examinations evidence. The paper wants to demonstrate that it is sufficient for the polygraph to orient the investigation.

Originality/Value: The paper may contribute to changing the way polygraphs are used and perceived. Monitoring changes could be the subject of other papers.

About the author: Police major, associate professor at the Department of Criminal Procedure. He has been researching polygraph for 15 years.

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Published

2023-04-06

Issue

Section

Contemporary Challenges in Detecting and Proving Crime