MOBBING – A HARMFUL PRESENT-DAY PHENOMENON

Abstract, Purpose, Findings, Originality/Value, Keywords, DEFINITION OF MOBBING, FORMS OF MOBBING, CAUSES OF MOBBING, LEGAL REGULATION OF MOBBING, REVERSE BURDEN OF PROOF – THE PROBLEM OF PROOF, CASE LAW – EXAMPLES , CONCLUSION, REFERENCES

Authors

  • Mojca Rep Associate judge at the District Court Celje, Mediator in criminal cases at a Higher court in Ljubljana

Keywords:

Keywords: legislation, case law, reverse burden of proof, research.

Abstract

Abstract

Purpose

Slovenia introduced harassment at work into its legal system only in 2007. Research from the previous decade has clearly shown the necessity to regulate legislation in this area. The phenomenon of mobbing is becoming more and more common nowadays, so there is a great need for legal order. The phenomenon of mobbing should not be underestimated in any case.

Design/Methods/Approach

Recent research has shown that due to globalization and growing competitiveness, mobbing is increasingly present in the environment.

Findings

The law is well regulated nowadays by new laws and amendments, but the applicability of the provisions has not been fully demonstrated in practice. Despite the legalization of the reversed burden of proof, the process of proving usually contains facts that are too general and consequently easy for the employer to defend from. The jurisprudence has shown that the mere verification of documentation and not the acts themselves does not show the true picture, which also affects the number of jurisdictions in Slovenian courts.

Originality/Value

Mobing is recognized as truly wasteful and socially harmful. The legislation in Slovenia in the field of harassment is appropriate and provides victims of harassment with adequate protection. But any alleged unethical behavior does not constitute illegal behavior (mobbing) Therefore, in assessing whether mobbing takes place in an environment, it is necessary to be precise in stating the facts otherwise the principle of adversarial proceedings is infringed.

Keywords: legislation, case law, reverse burden of proof, research.

 

 

References

Brečko, D. (2013). Say no to mobbing, Coping with psychological and emotional violence. Ljubljana, GV Planet.
Brečko, D. (2021). Truths and misconceptions about mobbing. Ljubljana: GV Planet.
Bohl. T. (31. 1. 2019). What is mobbing: definition and manifestations. . Accessed on June 5, 2022. https://www.e-kadrovik.si/vsebine/varstvo-pri-delu-in-promocija-zdravja/mobing/kaj-je-mobing-opredelitev-in-pojavne-oblike/
Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia. Official Gazette , nr. 33/91-I, 42/97 – UZS68, 66/00 – UZ80, 24/03 – UZ3a, 47, 68, 69/04 – UZ14, 69/04 – UZ43, 69/04 – UZ50, 68/06 – UZ121,140,143, 47/13 – UZ148, 47/13 – UZ90,97,99, 75/16 – UZ70a in 92/21 – UZ62a).
Council Directive 89/391 / EEC of 12 June 1989. Official Gazette 393 , 30/12/1989 p. 0001 – 0012. Accessed on June 5, 2022. https://osha.europa.eu/en/legislation/directives/the-osh-framework-directive/1
Criminal Code. Official Gazette , nr. 50/12, 6/16, 54/15, 38/16, 27/17, 23/20, 91/20, 95/21 in 186/21).


Eurofond: European research on quality of life (EQLS) European and International cooperation. Accessed on June 5, 2022. https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/sl/surveys/european-quality-of-life-surveys
Erjavec, K. (2018. The case law of labor courts in the field of torture. Commision for the Prevention of Coruption. Accessed on May 4, 2022. www.kpk-rs.si › wp-content › uploads ›
Employment Relationships Act- 1. Official Gazette , nr. 21/13, 78/13 , 47/15 – ZZSDT, 33/16 – PZ-F, 52/16, 15/17 – odl. US, 22/19 – ZPosS, 81/19, 203/20 – ZIUPOPDVE, 119/21 – ZČmIS-A, 202/21 – odl. US, 15/22 in 54/22 – ZUPŠ-1).
Heinz, L. (1996). The content and development od mobbing at work. Journal of Work and Organizational Pshychology, (5)3, 165 – 184.
Heinz L. (1996 – 1). Mobbing and victimization at work. Psychology, Hove.
Heinz, L. (2012). Somatic and psychological symptoms after the experience od life treat5ening events. A profile analasis, Victimology, 10- (1,4), 512 – 538.
Public Employees Act. Official Gazette , nr. 63/07, 65/08, 69/08 – ZTFI-A, 69/08 – ZZavar-E, 40/12 – ZUJF, 158/20 – ZIntPK-C,
203/20 – ZIUPOPDVE, 202/21 – odl. US in 3/22 – ZDeb).

Higher Labor and Social Court (2007). Judgement and Decision Pdp 814/2007 issued on October 18 2007. Accessed on June 5, 2022. https://www.sodnapraksa.si/?q=814/2007%20&database[VDSS]=VDSS&_submit=i%C5%A1%C4%8Di&rowsPerPage=20&page=0&id=2010040815248760
Higher Labor and Social Court (2008). Judgement and Decision Pdp 387/2007issued on February 15 2008. Accessed on June 5, 2022. https://www.sodnapraksa.si/?q=387/2007&database[VDSS]=VDSS&_submit=i%C5%A1%C4%8Di&rowsPerPage=20&page=0&id=42747
Higher Labor and Social Court (2009). Judgement and Decision Pdp 945/2008 issued on April 16 2009. Accessed on June 5, 2022. https://www.sodnapraksa.si/?q=945/2008%20&database[VDSS]=VDSS&_submit=i%C5%A1%C4%8Di&rowsPerPage=20&page=0&id=65760
Higher Labor and Social Court (2010) Judgement and Decision Pdp 41/2010 issued on May 6¸2010 . Accessed on June 5, 2022. http://www.sodnapraksa.si/?q=id:2010040815248208&database[SOVS]=SOVS&database[IESP]=IESP&database[VDSS]=VDSS&database[UPRS]=UPRS&_submit=i%C5%A1%C4%8Di&page=0&id=2010040815248208
Higher Labor and Social Court (2010 -1). Judgement and Decision. Pdp 404/2010 issued on May 6, 2010- Accessed on June 5, 2022. https://www.sodnapraksa.si/?q=404/2010&database[VDSS]=VDSS&_submit=i%C5%A1%C4%8Di&rowsPerPage=20&page=0&id=2010040815252021
Higher Labor and Social Court (2010 -2). Judgement and Decision. Pdp Pdp 96/2010 issued on May 6, 2010. Accessed on June 5, 2022. https://www.sodnapraksa.si/?q=96/2010&database[VDSS]=VDSS&_submit=i%C5%A1%C4%8Di&rowsPerPage=20&page=0&id=2010040815248291
Higher Labor and Social Court (2011). Judgement and Decision Pdp 831/2011 issued on December 20 , 2011. Accessed on June 5, 2022. https://www.sodnapraksa.si/?q=694/2011&database[VDSS]=VDSS&_submit=i%C5%A1%C4%8Di&rowsPerPage=20&page=0&id=2010040815260425
Higher Labor and Social Court (2011-1) Judgement and Decision Pdp 694/2011 issued on September 26 , 2011. Accessed on June 5, 2022. https://www.sodnapraksa.si/?q=Pdp%20694/2011%20%20&database[VDSS]=VDSS&_submit=i%C5%A1%C4%8Di&rowsPerPage=20&page=0&id=2010040815260425
Higher Labor and Social Court (2011-2). Judgement and Decision Pdp Pdp 1047/2010 issued on March 10 2011. Accessed on June 5, 2022. https://www.sodnapraksa.si/?q=1047/2010&database[VDSS]=VDSS&_submit=i%C5%A1%C4%8Di&rowsPerPage=20&page=0&id=2010040815253644
Higher Labor and Social Court (2018). Judgement and Decision Pdp 85/2018 issued on October 24, 2018. Accessed on June 5, 2022. http://www.sodnapraksa.si/?q=id:2015081111424771&database[SOVS]=SOVS&database[IESP]=IESP&database[VDSS]=VDSS&database[UPRS]=UPRS&_submit=i%C5%A1%C4%8Di&page=0&id=2015081111424771
Rep, M. (2009). Can reverse burden of proof in criminal cases increase trials effectiveness? . Criminology and crime policy between human rights and effective crime control, Annual Conference. The European Society of Criminology,Cambridge;. The Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Ljubljana. The Faculty of Law, The Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, The Institute of Criminology at the Faculty of La, , Ljubljana, p. 92.
Rep, M. (2021). Respect for human rights as an important aspect of the democratic functioning of civil society. Towards a better future: state and society, fourth International Scientific Conference”.15-16 October, 2021 Bitola, Republic of North Macedonia. Page 392 -400.

Downloads

Published

2023-04-06

Issue

Section

Contemporary Challenges in Detecting and Proving Crime