SECRET AS AN OBJECT OF CRIMINAL LAW PROTECTION IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA

Authors

  • Ivana Bodrožić Kriminalističko-policijski univerzitet
  • Mladen Milošević

Keywords:

secret, Criminal Code, object of a criminal offence

Abstract

Purpose: In this paper the authors seek to provide a specific systematization of some criminal offences within the Criminal Code of the Republic of Serbia (CC) and the Law on the Protection of Classified Data, recognizing the secret as an object of the criminal offence, followed by a later criminal law analysis of the selected incriminations. The purpose is to explain how the legislator in the Republic of Serbia perceives ,evaluates and treats the secret as a category of criminal law in general, but also as specific kinds, such as a business secret, official secret, state secret, private secret, military secret and secret data (classified data).

Design/Methods/Approach: The paper will be organized in four chapters, besides the introductory remarks and the conclusion. The authors will try to provide a theoretical approach in making specific systematization and normative analysis of the selected criminal offences. The subject of the paper implies the application of the methods of formal logic, such as deduction and induction, the comparative method and the normative method.

Findings: The authors deal with the issue of the type and a content of criminal law protection of the secret, but only the secret,  excluding secrecy. Due to that, five criminal offences will be the subject of the criminal law analysis: Unauthorized disclosure of a secret, Art. 141 of CC; Disclosure of a trade secret, Art. 240 of CC; Disclosure of a state secret, Art. 316 of CC; Disclosure of an official secret, Art. 369 of CC and Disclosure of a military secret, Art. 415 of CC. A critical  analysis of the used authentic interpretation of the legislator will be given in  order to divide different ways in defining the secret as a criminal law category.

Originality/Value:   Originality is ensured through the implementation of a specific systematization criteria and a critical analysis. The scientific value is reflected in the opening of the problematic issues of the definition of the special forms of secrets as an object of criminal law protection and systematization of such selected incriminations in one place, accompanied by a criminal law analysis.

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Published

2023-04-06

Issue

Section

Etiology, Phenomenology and Trends of Contemporary Crime