THE POSSIBILITIES OF USING UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES – DRONES IN CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION

Authors

  • Ivana Bjelovuk University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies
  • Tanja Kesic University of Criminalistics and Police Studies, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Milan Zarkovic University of Criminalistics and Police Studies, Belgrade, Serbia

Keywords:

unmanned aerial vehicle, crime scene investigation, aerial photography, normative framework.

Abstract

The progress of science and technology opens up many possibilities for the application of modern devices in various fields including crime scene investigation. New technologies are usually used first for military purposes and later for civilian purposes. The paper will consider the possibilities of applying new technologies in crime scene investigation specially unmanned aerial vehicles, the so-called drones. Namely, many crime scenes can be inaccessible or even dangerous for crime scene investigation such as in cases of placing explosive devices, when it may be uncertain whether there is a danger of new explosions. In these and similar situations devices such as drones could be useful. For the application of these devices in crime scene investigation it is necessary that they have certain characteristics. The paper will present the basic technical characteristics of such devices, as well as possibilities of their application in forensic science and crime scene investigations. Also, the paper will present domestic and comparative legislation that regulates the conditions for the safe use of drones, their registration and the conditions that must be fulfilled by persons using drones. In particular, the normative framework for the use of drones by the police will be analyzed.

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Published

2023-04-06

Issue

Section

Natural and Applied Sciences in Forensics, Cybercrime and Security